Frequently Asked Questions
About Blood Donation
Blood is the red coloured liquid that flows continuously in our body. Its main function is to transport oxygen and nutrients to all parts of the body to keep it functioning.
The average volume of blood in a healthy adult is about 10-12 water sachets (5.0 -6.0 litres).
Any marked decrease in the quantity of blood requires that the person should be given some blood from another person. This is referred to as blood transfusion. A person who gives blood voluntarily is referred to as a voluntary nonremunerated blood donor.
Blood donation means giving blood to be used in saving the lives of others.
There is no artificial blood for sale. Blood must therefore be donated freely by somebody out of love for life.
One can safely donate blood at four monthly intervals
You can donate blood if you are between the ages of 17 and 60 years.
Below 17 years the body has not stored enough iron used to make Haemoglobin (Hb).
As one ages, the heart and blood vessels become weaker and therefore such people tend to suffer from diseases of these organ systems. However in some special cases, the medical examination is extended for these people. If they are found to be fit, they are allowed to donate.
No. The volume of blood that you donate is just a little less than one water sachet (450mls). In about a day, the body makes up the amount of blood lost. With regards to the blood cells in the body it takes 4-8 weeks for complete replacement.
There is a liquid in the blood bag to prevent the blood from clotting. It also helps to preserve the blood cells during the period of storage.
Yes. After the donation you will be given refreshment whilst relaxing. You can then go back to your normal activities
• Not taking in any meal before donation or
• Rushing to get up too soon after donating. It is
important to rest and take the drink that is
Blood donation does not affect sexuality. Blood donation does not affect the way you work. You must not however perform activities that will make you sweat on the day of donation.
You can go back to work or school on the same day except when taking part in any vigorous activity such as climbing, driving a heavy vehicle or working at hazardous depths or heights.
All information and results are kept confidential and not disclosed to any third party.
It is far from enough. We do not generally like this system of family/replacement donation. Evidence from the world over indicates that blood from regular voluntary unpaid donors is the foundation of a safe and adequate blood supply.
This is detected and the donor excluded as a result of the medical screening that is done before donation.
Those who weigh less than 50kg are not accepted for donation.
Everyone feels a bit like that for the first time. There are several donors of both sexes who have given over 100 donations and continue to donate regularly. The fear disappears after completion of the first donation. It is really a simple procedure.
• General inspection of eyes and of skin for absence of lumps, rashes, sores
• Measurement of pulse and blood pressure
• Haemoglobin (Hb) estimation
It is just the feeling of the needle going through the skin. After that, one does not feel anything.
Blood is put in a special refrigerator under quarantine. This means, the blood cannot be used until some laboratory tests are done.
Hepatitis B and C HIV (1&2) Syphilis ABO and Rh “D” blood group
To get reliable results, the tests are performed in batches in specified ways. There should be no rush with the process.
No. The blood collection sets used are sterile and disposable. Once used the needle is discarded.
Blood is stored for 35 days in designated blood bank fridges.
From the time you arrive till the time you leave (filling forms, screening, donation and refreshment) is about an hour. The donation process itself takes 12-15 minutes.
Donation means one gives freely without compulsion.
The blood bank never has enough. Educational activities are carried out to focal groups. It may be that we have not spread the net very wide. We depend on our voluntary blood donors and voluntary donor organizers to bring in their friends, relatives and organized groups.
Yes. Blood donation is a noble, selfless service. It gives the donor a feeling of joy and contentment. Blood donation is a civic responsibility. You also get the opportunity of having a free medical examination/health check done for you.